The Influence of Academic Motivation and Parental involvement on Student Engagement
Author(s): Muallifah, Marthen Pali , Imanuel Hitipeuw, Sudjiono
Student engagement is understood as a form of active participation in involving any activities in school, both academic and non-academic (extracurricular) activities. Student engagement takes a role as an imperative element in achieving students’ success in school. Student engagement could encourage the academic achievement of students.
Keyword: Student engagement, academic motivation, parental involvement. Student engagement is determined by the student’s internal and external factors, in this context are academic motivation and parental involvement. The subjects of this research were Eight-Graders from nine schools. Each category is represented by three schools from three different sub-districts, they Lowokwaru, Sukun, and Klojen in Malang, Indonesia. Cluster random sampling was conducted to obtain the research sample. The entire subjects were asked to complete three kinds of scale according to research construct which consists of 10 items of student’s engagement, 12 items of academic motivation, and 10 items of parental involvement. To examine the influence and correlation among variables, structural equation model or commonly known as SEM using AMOS version 20 was used. The overall findings indicate that academic motivation strongly contributes to student engagement compare to parental involvement. The findings also confirm that there is a positive correlation between academic motivation and parental involvement in enhancing student engagement in school.